Академія національної безпеки

Transforming the Concepts of “State Security” and “National Security” in the System of Public Administration

Taran Ye.,
PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor of Global and National Security Department Educational and Scientific Institute of Public Administration and Civil Service Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
ORSID ID: 0000-0002-1822-6978

DOI: https://doi.org/10.53305/2523-4927.2021.30.01

The purpose of the article is analyzing the concepts of “state security” and “national security” and determining the place of national security in the system of public administration.

The scientific novelty of the article is substantiating the processes of transforming the concept of “state security” in the system of public administration in connection with socio-political changes.

Conclusions. The article analyzes the processes of transformation taking place in Ukrainian society and leading to democratization and the introduction of new values in the activities of government, in particular, in the system of state governance, which in modern conditions is transformed into public administration.

The article notes that in the concept of public administration the main leading subject of social development and regulation of public relations is the state, and the system of public administration is dominated by public institutions, which include civil society and private organizations which have the opportunity to act on an equal competitive basis with state institutions.

Such changes also affected the security system, where the approaches of state security priority, which emphasized the protection of state interests through the institutions of state power, were replaced by understanding of the need  o protect national values, human interests and society, ensuring safe living conditions and welfare of the citizens.

Because of this, the concept of “national security” is beginning to come forth, which has become broader than the concept of “state security” and fully complies with the principles of public administration.

The conclusions say that in accordance with the trends observed in Ukrainian society and caused by democratic changes, the system of public administration is undergoing significant transformations, where the main element is the state power and which is characterized by authoritarianism. Public administration is realized through democracy, and the cooperation of the state and the population takes into account the needs of each other.

Trends taking place in the state, particularly in the issue of national security, put the interests of a person and a citizen first. Similarly the transformation of state governance to public administration takes place. In accordance with modern conditions of development, state governance is replaced by public administration, where the interests of a person, citizen and society are the highest value.

Key words: state governance, public administration, state security, national security, transformation processes.

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Taran Ye. Transforming the Concepts of “State Security” and “National Security” in the System of Public Administration. Scientific Journal the Academy of National Security, 2(30), 7-19 [full text in Ukrainain]

Published online – 2021; published – 2022-01